Tag Archives: PowerShell

Putting SCOM instances in maintenance mode via PowerShell


Sometimes you don’t want to put the whole server object in maintenance mode and you just need the child component that you are working on.

There are a couple of ways to do this from the SCOM console.

You can open a view that is targeting that specific class, for example the SQL DB class, and simply right click and set the maintenance mode.

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After doing so, if you navigate back to the Database Engine view, you will see those components put into maintenance mode while the DB Engine itself is being monitored as usual.

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If you to put in maintenance mode a class that is not exposed through any built in views you can use the Discovery Inventory to search for objects of a specific class.

For demonstration purposes in the following screenshot we look for the SQL database class.

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There is also another way to configure maintenance mode via scripting. Here is how you can do this via PowerShell:

Import-Module OperationsManager

$SCOMCredentials = Get-Credential -Message  “Input your SCOM credentials”

New-SCOMManagementGroupConnection -ComputerName SCOM01.mariusene.com -Verbose

$DBclass = Get-SCOMClass | Out-GridView -PassThru -Title “Select the SCOM class”

$DBInstances = Get-SCOMClassInstance -Class $DBclass | Out-GridView -PassThru -Title “Select the instances to enable Maintenance Mode”

Start-SCOMMaintenanceMode -Instance $DBInstances -EndTime (Get-Date).AddDays(1) -Comment “Maintenance mode set by PowerShell script” -Reason PlannedOther -Verbose

 

In the above code, be sure to replace SCOM01.mariusene.com with your SCOM management server. After running the above code, you will be prompted for credentials. After that you will see a window that shows all classes.

Use the Filter to look for the correct class and click OK.

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Next, we select the instances by multi-select then clicking OK.

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After selecting OK, you will see that the Objects have been put in Maintenance Mode.

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Now in order to remove from maintenance mode via PowerShell you can use something similar:

$MMInstances = Get-SCOMMaintenanceMode  | select * | Out-GridView -PassThru

$MMInstances | % { Get-SCOMMaintenanceMode | ? {$_.MonitoringObjectId -eq $_.MonitoringObjectId} | Set-SCOMMaintenanceMode -EndTime (Get-Date) -Verbose  }

After running the code, you will see a window with the instances that are in maintenance mode. Select the ones that you want to remove from maintenance mode.

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The output will be like this:

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Operations Manager Failed to Access the Windows Event Log – Hyper-V 2008/2012


scom-gsx-solutions

A trecut ceva timp de cand nu am mai pus ceva pe Blog dar astazi se schimba lucrurile. O sa scriu despre o problema care apare atunci cand avem un management pack pentru Hyper-V 2008 si importam si versiunea pentru Hyper-V 2012, side by side. Problema este generata de faptul ca management pack-ul de HV 2008 targeteaza incorect clase de HV abstracte (clase generale) care se aplica implicit si la management pack-ul de HV 2012. Mai exact are cateva monitoare definite sa afle Health State-ul anumitor componente. Si face asta verificad event log-ul pe targetul respectiv. Problema este ca la Hyper-V 2012 acele loguri un exista.

In acest caz avem 2 solutii la indemana. Fie dezactivam monitoarele respective pentru serverele ce ruleaza 2012, fie cream niste ‘dummy event logs’ pe serverele afectate. Mie personal nu imi place varianta B cu toate ca este perfect valida.

Alertele generate vor fi:

HV_1

In cazul de mai sus vedem ca verifica Log-ul imaginar ‘Microsoft-Windows-Hyper-V-Network-Admin’ dar vor fi si alte alerte generate de acelasi monitor ‘Microsoft-Windows-Hyper-V-Image-Management-Service-Admin’.

Acum avem ceva informatii. Now we have to see which Monitors look for those Event Logs. Pentru asta folosim powershell:

$HyperVLibraryMP = Get-SCOMManagementPack -DisplayName ‘Microsoft Windows Hyper-V 2008 Monitoring’

$Hyper2008Mon = Get-SCOMMonitor -ManagementPack $HyperVLibraryMP

$AlertImage = $Hyper2008Mon | Where-Object {$_.Configuration -match ‘Microsoft-Windows-Hyper-V-Image-Management-Service-Admin’}

$AlertImage | fl name, displayname

$AlertNetwork = $Hyper2008Mon | Where-Object {$_.Configuration -match ‘Microsoft-Windows-Hyper-V-Network-Admin’}

$AlertNetwork | fl name, displayname

Rezultatele vor fi urmatoarele:

HV_2

Acum stim ce monitoare trebuiesc dezactivate. Pasii sunt urmatorii:

  1. Authoring > Change ScopeHV_3
  2. Cautam dupa ‘hyper-v virtual’ > Selectam clasele de mai sus > OK.HV_4
  3. Expandam pana ajungem la monitoare.
  4. Mai sus vedem monitoarele ce trebuiesc dezactivate.
  5. Deschidem Properties pentru primul monitor si confirmam ca incearca sa verifice Log-ul respectiv.HV_5
  6. Facem Overrides > Disable Override > For all objects of another class.HV_6
  7. Cautam dupa ‘Hyper-v’ si selectam clasa de Hyper-V 2012 de mai sus.
  8. Repetam acelasi process pentru celelalte 5 monitoare ramase. Mai jos cateva screenshot-uri.HV_8HV_9

Dupa ce am dezactivat monitoarele, trebuie sa facem Reset Health State pentru serverele afectate. In cazul meu au fost multe.

Am scris un script simplu care face reset pe monitoarele afectate.

HV_10

Accepta ca parametrii numele alertei care in cazul nostru este ‘Operations Manager Failed to Access the Windows Event Log’ si Resolution state-ul care in cazul meu este 0 (New). Poate fi orcare din codurile aferente de exemplu Closed 255.

Output-ul arata cam asa in ISE:

HV_11

Dupa ce am resetat monitoarele nu mai avem alerte. Script-ul in format text mai jos:

Import-Module OperationsManager

$AlertNameInput = Read-Host -Prompt “Please enter the alert name”

$AlertReolutionInput = Read-Host -Prompt “Please enter the alert resolution state”

$Alerts = Get-SCOMAlert -Name $AlertNameInput -ResolutionState $AlertReolutionInput

if ($Alerts){

Write-Host -BackgroundColor Yellow -ForegroundColor Black “Below are the alerts found:”

$i=0;$n=0;

$Alerts | % {$i++;Write-Host -ForegroundColor Yellow “$i`t`t$($_.TimeRaised)`t`t$($_.Name)”}

Write-Host -BackgroundColor Yellow -ForegroundColor Black “Below are the Monitors identified:”

foreach ($Alert in $Alerts){

$Monitor = $Alert.MonitoringRuleId | Get-SCOMMonitor

if($Monitor){

$n++;Write-Host -ForegroundColor Yellow “$n`t$($Monitor.DisplayName)`t$($Monitor.GetManagementPack())”

$Instance = Get-SCOMClassInstance -Id $($Alert.MonitoringObjectId)

Write-Host -ForegroundColor Yellow “Resetting the `’$($Monitor.DisplayName)`’ for $($Instance.DisplayName)”

$Instance.ResetMonitoringState($Monitor) | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Status | Format-Table -AutoSize

Write-Host -ForegroundColor Yellow “Done”

}

}

}

else{Write-Host -ForegroundColor Yellow “No alerts were found using the inputted criterion”}

Active Directory Recycle Bin feature


Activarea optiunii Recycle Bin din Active Directory

Aceasta optiune este dezactivata by default in Windows Server 2008 R2. Ca sa functioneze aceasta optiune este nevoie de FFL (forest functional level) de 2008 R2. Exista doua metode prin care se poate face asta. Printr-un cmdlet PowerShell sau prin Ldp.exe.

Activarea optiunii prin LDP.EXE:

  1. Apasa Start, Run si scrie ldp.exe.
  2. Ca sa faci bind pe serverul ce tine forest root domain-ul, apasa Connection, apasa Connect, apasa Bind.
  3. Apasa View, apasa Tree, apoi in BaseDN selecteaza partitia CN=Configuration… si apasa OK.
  4. Apasa semnul “+” in dreptul partitiei si du-te la CN=Partitions.
  5. Apasa click-dreapta pe containerul CN=Partitions si apasa Modify.
  6. In casuta de dialog Modify, sterge continutul casutei DN.
  7. In casuta de dialog Modify, in Edit Entry Attribute, scrie enableOptionalFeature.
  8. In casuta de dialog Modify, in campul Value scrie: CN=Partitions,CN=Configuration,DC=DomeniulMeu,DC=Com:766ddcd8-acd0-445e-f3b9-a7f9b6744f2a. DomeniulMeu si Com le inlocuiti cu datele din AD-ul vostru.                               

766ddcd8-acd0-445e-f3b9-a7f9b6744f2a reprezinta GUID-ul pentru AD recycle bin. Pentru a verifica care este GUID-ul pentru Recycle Bin navigheaza la CN=Recycle Bin Feature,CN=Optional Features,CN=Directory Service,CN=Windows NT,CN=Services,CN=Configuration, DC=DomeniulMeu,DC=Com si in dreapta identifica valoarea pentru atributul msDS-OptionalFeatureGUID

9.    In casuta de dialog Modify, in Operations, apasa Add, Enter si apoi Run.

10.   Pentru a verifica daca s-a activat optiunea navigheaza la containerul CN=Partitions. In panoul din dreapta gaseste atributul msDS-EnabledFeature.

Activarea optiunii prin PowerShell:

  1. Apasa Start, apasa Administrative Tools, click-dreapta  Active Directory Module for Windows PowerShell, apasa Run as administrator.
  2.    In fereastra aparuta introduceti urmatoarea comanda dupa care apasati Enter:

Enable-ADOptionalFeature -Identity <ADOptionalFeature> -Scope <ADOptionalFeatureScope> -Target <ADEntity>

De exemplu pentru a activa cosul pentru domeniul ene.internal se va folosi comanda:

Enable-ADOptionalFeature –Identity ‘CN=Recycle Bin Feature,CN=Optional Features,CN=Directory Service,CN=Windows NT,CN=Services,CN=Configuration,DC=ene,DC=internal’ –Scope ForestOrConfigurationSet –Target ‘ene.internal’

  1. Apasa Enter si asta a fost.

Orice intrebari sau sugestii sunt binevenite.